While there are a number of engine types that cater to a diverse set of industries, the most popular type in use today is the reciprocating aircraft engine. Often called a piston engine, reciprocating engines are one of two types of combustion engines that work by combusting fuel to produce energy. Surpassing its predecessor, the rotary engine, which has four separate compartments that perform intake, compression, combustion, and exhaust, reciprocating engines carry out each task within a single cylinder.


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Insulation and mounting is an important part of aircraft construction, such materials often being used to support the health, wellness, and safety of all on board. When procuring insulation or insulation mounting, it is important that one considers the types that they need for a given application, the form of aircraft that they are operating, whether materials meet FAA and OEM regulations, and more. In this blog, we will discuss the common roles that insulation and mounting serves for aircraft operations and safety, allowing you to best fulfill your operational needs with ease.


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The next time you take a flight on a jet, you will notice that their wings are not entirely flat. Wings are the primary lift-generating airfoils on an airplane. They come in various sizes and designs, but except for a few smaller planes, most wing designs include an angled piece at the end called an aircraft wingtip. While small in size as compared to other components on an aircraft, wingtip design plays a significant role in the magnitude and drag of vortices. In this blog, we will discuss the several shapes of wingtips and how their differences affect flight. 


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Rivets are common fasteners that serve a diverse set of applications, often coming in the form of a solid cylindrical shank with a head on one side. When passed through the preformed hole of a surface, the tail side of the fastener can be upset, establishing a second head that secures the component in place permanently. With their design and capabilities, rivets often serve as aircraft fasteners, aiding in the manufacturing process to create strong unions that can be steadily relied on. In this blog, we will discuss the various types of aircraft rivets that are used for construction, and how they are implemented. 


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The fuel metering system is an often overlooked piece of equipment in an aircraft's engine. Fuel economy and thrust rely on a deliberate fuel-to-air ratio entering the engine, that of which is dependent on speed and altitude. This task could not be completed without a fuel metering system. In this blog, we discuss the purpose and function of the fuel metering system. 


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Turning is a normal procedure in flight, allowing for a pilot to readjust the aircraft heading to change their direction. Rather than simply rotate a steering wheel such as one would do in an automobile, pilots must take advantage of various flight surfaces and controls in order to efficiently turn. Additionally, they also have to take into consideration gravity, lift, thrust, and other various forces that may affect heading and orientation. In this blog, we will discuss how airplanes turn in the air, allowing you to better understand the control of such vehicles. 


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The flight data recorder (FDR) and cockpit voice recorder (CVR) are both crucial parts of aircraft, allowing investigators to determine the factors that may have caused a crash. Despite both devices being well protected with intensely rigorous housing and construction, it can be difficult to locate them in the case of a catastrophic accident, especially those in large bodies of water. In order to better ensure the timely recovery of flight data recorders and cockpit voice recorders, some manufacturers have begun experimenting with an alternative device known as automatic deployable flight recording systems (DFRS).


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As a primary component of aviation design, tires have evolved over the years to assist aircraft in handling the stressors of takeoff, landing, and fluctuating environmental temperatures. When landing, a great amount of friction is applied to the aircraft tires. For modern aircraft to support the weight of the vehicle and all passengers within, the tires need to be capable of enduring constant abuse not otherwise withstandable by standard car or rubber tires. It is paramount that aircraft tires are flexible, made out of a material resistant to heat and designed to meet the needs of a specific aircraft. Within this blog, we will discuss the basics of aircraft tires, what they are composed of, and how they can be properly maintained.


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Gyroscopic instruments are common to aircraft, and they include those such as attitude indicators, heading indicators, and turn indicators. Such flight instruments garner their measurements with the use of a mechanical gyroscope, that of which is a device that may measure orientation and angular velocity through a wheel or disc placed on a free rotational axis. When used for aviation, gyroscopic instruments are either electrically or vacuum driven, though some modern installations have since begun using laser gyros. 


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A propelling nozzle is a nozzle that converts the internal energy of a working gas into a propulsive gas. The presence of a nozzle, which forms a jet, is what differentiates a jet engine from a gas turbine engine. Depending on an engine’s power setting, the nozzle’s internal shape, and the pressure at entry & exit of the nozzle, propelling nozzles can accelerate gases to subsonic, transonic, or supersonic speeds. The internal shape of a jet engine can be convergent or convergent-divergent (C-D). C-D nozzles can accelerate the jet to supersonic velocities within their divergent section, while convergent nozzles can only accelerate the jet to sonic speeds.


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