Types of Electrical Wire Cables

Oftentimes people get confused between the terms wires and cables, and will sometimes use them interchangeably. The truth is that they are distinctly different in that the former is a single electrical conductor, while the latter is a cluster of wires covered in a protective sheath. Below, you can read more about the different types of electrical cables there are in the market and which ones might suit you best.

There are many different cable types, with more than 20 appearing on popular industry markets, with functionalities, ranging from transmission to heavy industrial use. The more commonly used ones include:

Underground Feeder Cables:

These cables operate much like the NM cables. The main difference is that each wire is individually sheathed in thermoplastic. Also different is the fact that the wires are clustered together and placed in flexible material. They come available in different gauge sizes, with the UF cables often being utilized for outdoor use in ground applications. They have a high resistance to water, which makes them ideal for wet areas such as an outdoor garden.

Non Metallic Sheath Cable:

Also known as non metallic building wires or NM cables, these types of cables feature a flexible plastic jacket with two or more wires and a naked wire meant for grounding. One such type of cable, the TECK cable, is covered with thermoplastic insulation. Other distinct varieties of this brand include NM-B and NM-C non metallic sheathed cables.

Metallic Sheathed Cables:

These types of cables are known as BX or armored cables. They are utilized by those working in manufacturing to provide electricity for large machinery. These include three plan stranded copper wires. The first is for the current, the second is for grounding wire, and the last is for neutral wire, all of which are insulated with cross-linked polyethylene, PVC bedding and a black PVC sheathing. These cables can also be used for projects that require high stress installations and outdoor applications.

Multi Conductor Cables:

Most commonly used inside the home, the multi conductor cable is well insulated and easy to use. They also feature more than one conductor, with each being individually insulated. For extra security, an outer insulation is added for extra security. Depending on the industry, there are different types of multiconductor cables.

Coaxial Cables:

A coaxial cable is sometimes known as a heliax cable because it includes a tubular insulating layer that sheathes an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.

Twin Lead Cables:

twin lead cables are flat two-wire cables used for transmitting signals between a receiver and an antenna, such as with tv or radio.

Unshielded Twisted Pair Cables:

True to its name, this type of wire features two uninsulated wires twisted together. Because they are not insulated, that makes them suitable for video applications and signal transmission. Less costly than coaxial or fiber optical cables, these can also be used for security cameras, telephones, and data networks.

These are just a few of the many different types of cables that are available. If you have any questions or are in need of cables, but are unsure of which might suit you best, consult in the experts at Veritable Aviation. We are the leaders among independent distributors and guarantee quality parts and service to our customers.


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